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Publications Cited at the SWDSS

1. López, OS. The determinants of wages among Americans with disabilities in non-STEM and STEM occupations. J Vocat Rehabil. 2023;59(3):285-300. doi:10.3233/JVR-230046 

2. López, OS. The determinants of wages among Black males in non-STEM and STEM occupations. J Women Minor Sci Eng. 2023. doi:10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2023042913 

3. López, OS. Bilingual competency in U.S. occupations: resetting expectations about language in American society. Humanit Soc Sci Commun. 2023;10(263). doi:10.1057/s41599-023-01769-w 

4. Exec. Order No. 13985, 86 Fed. Reg. 7009 (Jan. 20, 2021). 

5. Exec. Order No. 14035, 86 Fed. Reg. 34593 (June 25, 2021). 

6. Exec. Order No. 14041, 86 Fed. Reg. 50433 (Sept. 3, 2021). 

7. Exec. Order No. 14045, 86 Fed. Reg. 51581 (Sept. 16, 2021). 

8. Exec. Order No. 14049, 86 Fed. Reg. 57313 (Oct. 14, 2021). 

9. Exec. Order No. 14091, 88 Fed. Reg. 10825 (Feb. 16, 2023). 

10. Office of Acquisition Management and Policy, National Institutes of Health. Paving the Path to Excellence  and Innovation for Historically Black Colleges and Universities. January 2021. Accessed February 20, 2024. 

1. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Policy and Global Affairs; Board on Higher Education and Workforce; Committee on Effective Mentoring in STEMM, Dahlberg ML, Byars-Winston A, eds. The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2019.

2. Haeger H, Fresquez C. Mentoring for inclusion: The impact of mentoring on undergraduate researchers in the sciences. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2016;15(3):ar36. 

3. Zorec K. “We’re all for the same mission”: Faculty mentoring Native Hawaiian undergraduates in STEM research. J Divers High Educ. 2022.

4. Puritty C, Strickland LR, Alia E, et al. Without inclusion, diversity initiatives may not be enough. Science. 2017;357(6356):1101-1102. 

5. Byars-Winston A, Rogers JG, Thayer-Hart N, Black S, Branchaw J, Pfund C. A randomized controlled trial of an intervention to increase cultural diversity awareness of research mentors of undergraduate students. Sci Adv. 2023;9(21):eadf9705. 

6. Trejo J, Wingard D, Hazen V, et al. A system-wide health sciences faculty mentor training program is associated with improved effective mentoring and institutional climate. J Clin Transl Sci. 2021;6(1):e18. 

7. Stewart AJ, Malley JE, Linderman JL. Launching new faculty careers: Building a strong foundation for a diverse faculty. J Women Minor Sci Eng. 2021;27(1):85–106. 

8. Deanna R, Merkle BG, Chun KP, et al. Community voices: The importance of diverse networks in academic mentoring. Nat Commun. 2022;13(1):1681. 

9. Montgomery BL, Sancheznieto F, Dahlberg ML. Academic mentorship needs a more scientific approach. Issues Sci Technol. 2022;38(4):84-87. 

10. Morrison JA, Barthell JF, Boettcher A, et al. Recognizing and valuing the mentoring of undergraduate research, scholarship, and creative activity by faculty members: Workload, tenure, promotion, and award systems. CUR White Paper No. 2. Online Submission. 2019. 

11. Byars-Winston A, Butz AR. Measuring research mentors’ cultural diversity awareness for race/ethnicity in STEM: Validity evidence for a new scale. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2021;20(2)

12. Hook JN, Davis DE, Owen J, Worthington EL, Utsey SO. Cultural humility: Measuring openness to culturally diverse clients. J Couns Psychol. 2013 Jul;60(3):353-366. 

13. Watkins CE Jr, Hook JN, Owen J, DeBlaere C, Davis DE, Van Tongeren DR. Multicultural orientation in psychotherapy supervision: Cultural humility, cultural comfort, and cultural opportunities. Am J Psychother. 2019;72(2):38-46. 

14. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2018.

STEMM Organizations Report. NASEM Consensus Report

1. Hill KA, Desai MM, Chaudhry SI, Nguyen M, Boatright D. NIH diversity supplement awards by year and administering institute. JAMA. 2021;326(23):2427-2429. doi:10.1001/ jama.2021.19360 

2. Ginther DK, Schaffer WT, Schnell J, et al. Race, ethnicity, and NIH research awards. Science. 2011;333(6045):1015-1019. doi:10.1126/science.1196783 

3. National Institutes of Health. Draft report of the advisory committee to the director working group on diversity in the biomedical research workforce. Published June 13, 2012. Accessed May 4, 2023. 

4. Hill KA, Desai MM, Chaudhry SI, et al. National Institutes of Health diversity supplement awards by medical school. J Gen Intern Med. 2023;38(5):1175-1179. doi:10.1007/s11606- 022-07849-y 

5. Jones-London M. NINDS strategies for enhancing the diversity of neuroscience researchers. Neuron. 2020;107(2):212-214. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.03

1. Funk C. Black Americans’ views of and engagement with science. Pew Research Center Report. Published April 7, 2022. Accessed October 25, 2022. 

2. Stevens KR, Masters KS, Imoukhuede PI, Haynes KA, Setton LA, Cosgriff-Hernandez E, Lediju Bell MA, Rangamani P, Sakiyama-Elbert SE, Finley SD, Willits RK, Koppes AN, Chesler NC, Christman KL, Allen JB, Wong JY, El-Samad H, Desai TA, Eniola-Adefeso O. Fund Black scientists. Cell. February 4, 2021;184(3):561–565. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2021.01.011. 

3. Farooq F, Mogayzel PJ, Lanzkron S, Haywood C, Strouse JJ. Comparison of US federal and foundation funding of research for sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis and factors associated with research productivity. Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) Network Open. March 3, 2020;3(3):e201737. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1737. 

4. Green AK, Trivedi N, Hsu JJ, Yu NL, Bach PB, Chimonas S. Despite the FDA’s five-year plan, Black patients remain inadequately represented in clinical trials for drugs: study examines FDA’s five-year action plan aimed at improving diversity in and transparency of pivotal clinical trials for newly-approved drugs. Health Affairs. March 1, 2022;41(3):368–374. 

5. Fry R, Kennedy B, Funk C. STEM jobs see uneven progress in increasing gender, racial and ethnic Diversity. Pew Research Center. Published April 1, 2021. Accessed August 24, 2022. 

6. McKinsey & Company. Diversity wins: how inclusion matters. Published online May 19, 2020. Accessed August 24, 2022. 

7. Deloitte. Diversity equity & inclusion (DEI): one-stop-shop for all aspects of your DEI journey. Accessed August 24, 2022. 

8. Forbes Insights. Global diversity and inclusion: fostering innovation through a diverse workforce. Accessed August 24, 2022. 

9. HayGroup. Engage employees and boost performance. Accessed August 24, 2022.

10. Rock D, Grant H. Why diverse teams are smarter. Harvard Business Review. Published online November 4, 2016. Accessed August 24, 2022.

11. Arjuna Capital and Proxy Impact. Racial and gender pay scorecard, 4th edition. Accessed August 24, 2022.

12. Jones G, Chace BC, Wright J. Cultural diversity drives innovation: empowering teams for success. International Journal of Innovation Science. September 22, 2020;12(3), 323-343. 

13. Bennett LM, Gadlin H, Levine-Finley S. Collaboration and team science: a field guide. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health. Accessed August 24, 2022. 

14. Lencioni P. The Five Dysfunctions of a Team. Jossey-Bass; 2002. 

15. Thomas KW, Kilmann RH. Thomas-Kilmann Conflict MODE Instrument. Xicom; 1974. 

16. Tuckman BW, Jensen MA. Stages of small-group development revisited. Group & Organization Studies. December 1977;2(4):419–427. 

17. Gallou F, Grandeury A, Jones G. Cultural diversity drives innovation: does institutional residence time impact behaviors?. Journal of Innovation Management. 2021;9(4):I–X.

18. Jones G, Chace BC, Wright J. Cultural diversity drives innovation: modeling in the global pharmaceutical industry. International Journal of Innovation Science. February 8, 2021;13(2):133–144.

1. Phillips, KW. How Diversity Makes Us Smarter. Scientific American. October 1, 2014; 311(4): 42–47. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1014-42 

2. Sommers SR. On racial diversity and group decision making: Identifying multiple effects of racial composition on jury deliberations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2006;90(4):597– 612. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.4.597 

3. Loyd DL, Wang CS, Phillips KW, Lount RB. Social Category Diversity Promotes Premeeting Elaboration: The Role of Relationship Focus. Organization Science. 2013;24(3):757–772. doi:10.1287/ orsc.1120.0761 

4. Levine SS, Apfelbaum EP, Bernard M, Bartelt VL, Zajac EJ, Stark D. Ethnic diversity deflates price bubbles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2014;111(52):18524–18529. doi:10.1073/pnas.1407301111 

5. Hofstra B, Kulkarni VV, Munoz-Najar Galvez S, He B, Jurafsky D, McFarland DA. The Diversity-Innovation Paradox in Science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2020;117(17):9284–9291. doi:10.1073/pnas.1915378117 

6. Smith-Doerr L, Alegria SN, Sacco T. How Diversity Matters in the US Science and Engineering Workforce: A Critical Review Considering Integration in Teams, Fields, and Organizational Contexts. Engaging Science, Technology, and Society. 2017;3:139. doi:10.17351/ests2017.142 

7. Koning R, Samila S, Ferguson JP. Who do we invent for? Patents by women focus more on women’s health, but few women get to invent. Science. 2021;372(6548):1345–1348. doi:10.1126/science.aba6990 

8. Misra J, Mickey EL, Kanelee ES, Smith-Doerr L. Creating inclusive department climates in STEM fields: Multiple faculty perspectives on the same departments. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. 2022; advance online publication. doi:10.1037/dhe0000402 

9. Yu H, Willis KA, Litovitz A, et al. The effect of mentee and mentor gender on scientific productivity of applicants for NIH training fellowships. bioRxiv: 2021.2002.2002.429450. doi:10.1101/2021.02.02.429450 

10. Becker GS. The Economics of Discrimination. The University of Chicago Press; 1957. Note: Despite the age of this publication, it is the basis for the author’s 1992 Nobel Prize in Economics and included for this reason. 

11. Ramzy A, Ueno H. Japanese Medical School Accused of Rigging Admissions to Keep Women Out. The New York Times. Published August 3, 2018. Accessed October 14, 2022. 

12. Cook LD, Gerson J, Kuan J. Closing the Innovation Gap in Pink and Black. SSRN Electronic Journal. Published online 2021. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3940042

1. Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities. Faculty Cluster Hiring for Diversity and Institutional Climate. 2015. Accessed July 29, 2022. 

2. Sgoutas-Emch S, Baird L, Myers P, Camacho M, Lord S. We’re not all white men: using a cohort/cluster approach to diversify STEM faculty hiring. Thought Action. 2016;32(1):91–107.

3. Laursen S, Austin AE. Building Gender Equity in the Academy: Institutional Strategies for Change. Johns Hopkins University Press; 2020. 

4. Heilig JV, Flores IW, Barry JC, Souza A, Barcelo S. Considering the ethnoracial and gender diversity of faculty in US college and university intellectual communities. Hisp J Law Policy. Published online January 1, 2019. Accessed July 31, 2022. US_College_and_University_Intellectual_Communities 

5. Sto. Domingo MR, Sharp S, Freeman A, et al. Replicating Meyerhoff for inclusive excellence in STEM. Science. 2019;364(6438):335–337. 

6. Summers MF, Hrabowski FA. Preparing minority scientists and engineers. Science. 2006;311(5769):1870–1871. 

7. Griffin KA. Institutional barriers, strategies, and benefits to increasing the representation of women and men of color in the professoriate. High Educ Handb Theory Res. Published online 2019. 

8. Williams DA. Strategic Diversity Leadership: Activating Change and Transformation in Higher Education. Stylus Publishing; 2013. Accessed July 31, 2022.

9. Brynes N. NIH Center for Scientific Review. Review Matters: Race & Peer Review. Published June 12, 2020. Accessed July 31, 2022. 

10. Ginther DK. Reflections on race, ethnicity, and NIH research awards. Mol Biol Cell. 2022;33(1):ae1. 

11. Manson SM. Personal journeys, professional paths: persistence in navigating the crossroads of a research career. Am J Public Health. 2009;99(Suppl 1):S20–S25. 

12. Manson SM, Goins RT, Buchwald DS. The Native Investigator Development Program: increasing the presence of American Indian and Alaska Native scientists in aging-related research. J Appl Gerontol. 2006;25(1; suppl):105S–130S. 

13. Jones HP, McGee R, Weber-Main AM, et al. Enhancing research careers: an example of a US national diversity-focused, grant-writing training and coaching experiment. BMC Proc. 2017;11(Suppl 12):16. 

14. Buchwald D, Dick RW. Weaving the Native web: using social network analysis to demonstrate the value of a minority career development program. Acad Med J Assoc Am Med Coll. 2011;86(6):778–786. 

15. Trejo J, Wingard D, Hazen V, et al. A system-wide health sciences faculty mentor training program is associated with improved effective mentoring and institutional climate. J Clin Transl Sci. 6(1):e18. 

16. Eisen A, Eaton DC. A model for postdoctoral education that promotes minority and majority success in the biomedical sciences. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2017;16(4):ar65. 

17. Rybarczyk B, Lerea L, Lund PK, Whittington D, Dykstra L. Postdoctoral training aligned with the academic professoriate. BioScience. 2011;61(9):699–705. 

18. Rybarczyk BJ, Lerea L, Whittington D, Dykstra L. Analysis of postdoctoral training outcomes that broaden participation in science careers. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2016;15(3):ar33. 

19. Faupel-Badger JM, Raue K, Nelson DE, Tsakraklides S. Alumni perspective

1. Roper RL. Does gender bias still affect women in science? Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 2019;83(3). doi:10.1128/mmbr.00018-19 

2. Asplund M, Welle CG. Advancing science: How bias holds us back. Neuron. 2018;99(4):635-639. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2018.07.045 

3. Rimnac CM. Editorial: Minimizing workplace bias—what surgeons, scientists, and their organizations can do. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 2020;478(4):691-693. doi:10.1097/corr.0000000000001160 

4. Moss-Racusin CA, Dovidio JF, Brescoll VL, Graham MJ, Handelsman J. Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2012;109(41):16474-16479. doi:10.1073/pnas.1211286109 

5. FitzGerald C, Martin A, Berner D, Hurst S. Interventions designed to reduce implicit prejudices and implicit stereotypes in real world contexts: A systematic review. BMC Psychol. 2019;7:29. doi:10.1186/ s40359-019-0299-7 

6. Rodriguez N, Kintzer E, List J, et al. Implicit Bias Recognition and Management: Tailored Instruction for Faculty. J Natl Med Assoc. 2021;113(5):566-575. doi:10.1016/j.jnma.2021.05.003 

7. Sukhera J, Watling CJ, Gonzalez CM. Implicit Bias in Health Professions: From Recognition to Transformation. Acad Med. 2020;95(5):717-723. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000003173 

8. White AA 3rd, Logghe HJ, Goodenough DA, et al. Self-Awareness and Cultural Identity as an Effort to Reduce Bias in Medicine. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018;5(1):34-49. doi:10.1007/s40615-017-0340-6 

9. Correll SJ. SWS 2016 Feminist Lecture: Reducing gender biases in modern workplaces: A small wins approach to organizational change. Gender & Society. 2017;31(6):725-750. doi:10.1177/0891243217738518 

10. Dobbin F, Kalev A. Why doesn’t diversity training work? The challenge for industry and academia. Anthropology Now. 2018;10(2):48-55. doi:10.1080/19428200.2018.1493182 

11. Carnes M, Devine PG, Baier Manuel L, et al. The effect of an intervention to break the gender bias habit for faculty at one institution. Academic Medicine. 2015;90(2):221-230. doi:10.1097/acm.0000000000000552 

12. Sheridan J, Fine E, Romero M, et al. Improving Department Climate Through Bias Literacy: One College’s Experience. J Women Minor Sci Eng. 2021;27(2):87-106. doi:10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2021032729 

13. Brauer, M., Dumesnil, A. and Campbell, M.R. Using a social marketing approach to develop a pro-diversity intervention. Journal of Social Marketing. 2021;11(4): 469-488. doi:10.1108/ JSOCM-09-2020-0174 

14. Moreu, G, Isenberg, N, & Brauer, M. How to promote diversity and inclusion in educational settings: Behavior change, climate surveys, and effective pro-diversity initiatives. Frontiers in Education. 2021;6. doi:10.3389/feduc.2021.668250

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19 April, 2024